The World Bank and UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) have partnered to help countries strengthen their learning assessment systems, better monitor what students are learning in internationally-comparable ways and improve the breadth and quality of global data on education through the Initiative to improve global learning through data.
To monitor progress on SDG Indicator 4.1.1, the Global Bank of Items was designed as a global public repository of items, which countries can use to securely access globally shared items and generate learning data to assess reading and mathematics in grades 2 or 3 of primary education, at the end of primary education, and lower secondary education.
The Bank of Items is designed as a global public repository of items and once completely developed, will be governed as part of the World Bank and UIS Initiative to improve global learning through data, that countries can use to store and manage their own national assessment items, at the same time it will allow them to securely access additional globally shared items under an agreement of collaboration with UIS and the World Bank. It is intended to:
- Store both new and developed items following the digital development principles of open education technologies;
- Include an online crowdsourcing module for item development and validation;
- Incorporate already developed and equated items for cross-national assessments to use as initial anchors for cross-country comparability;
- Index already developed items from national and cross-national assessments based on the specific skills included in th Global Content Framework (for reading and mathematics) and Global Proficiency Framework (for reading and mathematics) and their corresponding item psychometric metadata; and
- Include existing guidelines on multiple-choice item development and validation for countries, item developers, and reviewers.
A strategic partnership framework is proposed to maximize the synergies among one or more academic institutions with technical expertise in the development of online open-source repositories for learning assessments, the comparative advantage and expertise of the World Bank in supporting and implementing international development projects, and the role UNESCO UIS as the custodian UN agency for SDG 4 data.